Form Validation in React Using Formik

Form Validation in React Using Formik

Daryl Lukas's photo
Daryl Lukas
·Oct 28, 2022·

4 min read

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Table of contents

  • Project Setup
  • Design the Form
  • Create Validation Schema
  • Add Formik
  • Conclusion

Form validation is one of the most important tasks when building an app and a form in particular. It’s one of the most tedious ones as well. Here is a unified approach to handling form validation using a neat library called Formik.

Formik is an open-source library for React and React Native that allows you to easily build forms. It takes care of repetitive and annoying tasks such as handling validation and submission, keeping track of values, errors, and visited or touched fields.

The implementation in this guide is done in React. But the approach can easily be ported to a React Native app.

Project Setup

Dependency overview

Initialise Project

Create a simple React project using the CRA toolchain.

npx create-react-app react-formik-example

Install the dependencies

Navigate to the application and install these dependencies.

cd react-formik-example
npm install @mui/material @emotion/react @emotion/styled formik yup

Design the Form

Let's create a simple registration form using Material UI. The path to this component will be src/pages/Register.jsx.

import React from 'react';
import { Box, Button, TextField } from '@mui/material';

export const Register = () => {
  return (
    <Box mt={5}>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField label="First Name" variant="outlined" />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField label="Last Name" variant="outlined" />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField label="Email Address" variant="outlined" type="email" />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField label="Phone Number" variant="outlined" />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField label="Password" variant="outlined" type="password" />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField
          label="Confirm Password"
          variant="outlined"
          type="password"
        />
      </Box>

      <Button>Register</Button>
    </Box>
  );
};

Update App.js to display the Register component.

import './App.css';
import { Register } from './pages/Register';

function App() {
  return (
    <div className="App">
      <Register />
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

You should see the form if you run npm start now.

A screenshot of a web browser showing form created in React using Material UI components

Create Validation Schema

Let's create a validation schema using Yup. The path to this file will be src/schemas/register.form.js.

import * as yup from 'yup';

export const registerSchema = yup.object().shape({
  firstName: yup.string().required('First Name is required'),
  lastName: yup.string().required('Last Name is required'),
  email: yup.string().email('Invalid email').required('Email is required'),
  phoneNumber: yup
    .string()
    .matches(/^[0-9]+$/, 'Must be only digits')
    .min(9, 'Must be exactly 9 digits')
    .max(9, 'Must be exactly 9 digits')
    .required('Phone Number is required'),
  password: yup
    .string()
    .min(8, ({ min }) => `Password must be at least ${min} characters`)
    .required('Password is required'),
  confirmPassword: yup
    .string()
    .oneOf([yup.ref('password'), null], 'Passwords must match')
    .required('Confirm Password is required'),
});

export const registerInitialValues = {
  firstName: '',
  lastName: '',
  email: '',
  phoneNumber: '',
  password: '',
  confirmPassword: '',
};

Yup's API is pretty easy to understand and use. For example, the firstName field in the schema is mapped to required string schema, yup.string().required('First Name is required'). The form is invalid if no value is given for this field. Yup also allows you to change multiple validation rules for a single field. For example, thephoneNumber field has multiple validation rules such as matches, min, max, and required. Check out the Yup API documentation for more details.

Add Formik

The simplest way to add Formik to the form is using the useFormik hook. Update src/screens/Register.component.js to use the hook.

...
import { useFormik } from 'formik';
import { registerInitialValues, registerSchema } from '../schemas/register.form';

export const Register = () => {
  const formik = useFormik({
    initialValues: registerInitialValues,
    validationSchema: registerSchema,
    onSubmit: (values) => {
      console.log(values);
      Alert.alert(
        `Welcome, ${values.firstName}`,
        'Your account has been created.'
      );
    },
  });

...

Update the TextField components to handle the formik state for respective fields. For example, the First Name component should look like this:

<TextField
  label="First Name"
  variant="outlined"
  onChange={formik.handleChange('firstName')}
  onBlur={formik.handleBlur('firstName')}
  value={formik.values?.firstName}
  error={formik.touched.firstName && Boolean(formik.errors.firstName)}
  helperText={formik.touched.firstName && formik.errors.firstName}
/>

Update the Button component to handle the form submission.

<Button onClick={formik.handleSubmit}>Register</Button>

The Register component should look like this:

import React from 'react';
import { Box, Button, TextField } from '@mui/material';
import { useFormik } from 'formik';
import {
  registerInitialValues,
  registerSchema,
} from '../schemas/register.form';

export const Register = () => {
  const formik = useFormik({
    initialValues: registerInitialValues,
    validationSchema: registerSchema,
    onSubmit: (values) => {
      console.log(values);
      alert(`Welcome, ${values.firstName}`, 'Your account has been created.');
    },
  });

  return (
    <Box mt={5}>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField
          label="First Name"
          variant="outlined"
          onChange={formik.handleChange('firstName')}
          onBlur={formik.handleBlur('firstName')}
          value={formik.values?.firstName}
          error={formik.touched.firstName && Boolean(formik.errors.firstName)}
          helperText={formik.touched.firstName && formik.errors.firstName}
        />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField
          label="Last Name"
          variant="outlined"
          onChange={formik.handleChange('lastName')}
          onBlur={formik.handleBlur('lastName')}
          value={formik.values?.lastName}
          error={formik.touched.lastName && Boolean(formik.errors.lastName)}
          helperText={formik.touched.lastName && formik.errors.lastName}
        />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField
          label="Email Address"
          variant="outlined"
          type="email"
          onChange={formik.handleChange('email')}
          onBlur={formik.handleBlur('email')}
          value={formik.values?.email}
          error={formik.touched.email && Boolean(formik.errors.email)}
          helperText={formik.touched.email && formik.errors.email}
        />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField
          label="Phone Number"
          variant="outlined"
          onChange={formik.handleChange('phoneNumber')}
          onBlur={formik.handleBlur('phoneNumber')}
          value={formik.values?.phoneNumber}
          error={
            formik.touched.phoneNumber && Boolean(formik.errors.phoneNumber)
          }
          helperText={formik.touched.phoneNumber && formik.errors.phoneNumber}
        />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField
          label="Password"
          variant="outlined"
          type="password"
          onChange={formik.handleChange('password')}
          onBlur={formik.handleBlur('password')}
          value={formik.values?.password}
          error={formik.touched.password && Boolean(formik.errors.password)}
          helperText={formik.touched.password && formik.errors.password}
        />
      </Box>
      <Box mb={1}>
        <TextField
          label="Confirm Password"
          variant="outlined"
          type="password"
          onChange={formik.handleChange('confirmPassword')}
          onBlur={formik.handleBlur('confirmPassword')}
          value={formik.values?.confirmPassword}
          error={
            formik.touched.confirmPassword &&
            Boolean(formik.errors.confirmPassword)
          }
          helperText={
            formik.touched.confirmPassword && formik.errors.confirmPassword
          }
        />
      </Box>

      <Button onClick={formik.handleSubmit}>Register</Button>
    </Box>
  );
};

That's it. You have successfully created a form with validation using Formik.

Run npm start in your project's root directory to test.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have learned how to create a form with validation in React using Formik (and Material UI). You have also learned how to use the useFormik hook to handle form state and yup to define validation rules.

Source Code

The source code is available on GitHub.

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